The classic symptoms are pain in the kidney area, or loin, blood in the urine and a mass felt in the abdomen. More often however, the patient has no symptoms at all. Risk factors include smoking, obesity and high blood pressure. On rare occasions kidney cancer can run in the family.
Diagnosis is made by taking your history, physical examination, blood tests, urine tests and ultrasound scan and/or CT scan or MRI scan of the abdomen.
Kidney cancer accounts for 2-3% of all cancers diagnosed. The male: female ratio is 3:2. It is reasonably rare, affecting 12/100,000 people.
Treatment of kidney cancer is usually aimed at removing the cancer by surgery. This often requires removal of the whole kidney. Sometimes part of the kidney only can be removed.
There are also minimally invasive techniques that can ‘freeze’ or ‘cook’ the cancer, without it having to be removed. Minimally invasive treatments are generally reserved however, for small cancers and patients who would not tolerate or benefit from surgery.
Dr Davies is an expert at treating kidney cancer. He specializes in keyhole or laparoscopic surgery, a minimally invasive type of kidney surgery. This type of surgery is associated with a reduced hospital stay and a quicker recovery period. And less scarring and long term problems.
Dr Davies will go over your treatment options after looking at your scans, examining you and discussing things with you in detail.